For mental illness or developmentally disabled people:
For a mentally ill or developmentally disabled person, it must be demonstrated by recent behavior that the person’s mental illness or developmental disability poses a substantial likelihood of physical harm to self or others. The person must have recently caused or threatened to cause physical harm to self or others, or caused significant damage to substantial property, or demonstrated failure or inability to provide necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical care. Failure to take psychiatric medication or exhibition of the symptoms of mental illness or developmental delay is not enough alone to petition for court-ordered treatment without the showing of danger to self or others.
For chemical dependency:
For a chemically dependent person, it must be demonstrated by recent behavior that the person’s habitual and excessive use of alcohol, drugs, or other mind-altering substances causes the person to be incapable of self-management or management of personal affairs, and that it poses a substantial likelihood of physical harm to self or others. The person must have recently caused or threatened to cause physical harm to self or others, or evidenced recent serious health problems related to the chemical use, or demonstrated failure to provide necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical care. A pregnant woman can be committed if during her pregnancy she has engaged in habitual or excessive use, for a non-medical purpose, of any of the following controlled substances or their derivatives: cocaine, heroin, phencyclidine, methamphetamine or amphetamine.
For a sexually dangerous person, or sexual psychopathic personality:
Pre-petition screening is not required for these petitions. The respondents in these cases are often referred to the County Attorney’s Office for possible civil commitment by the Department of Corrections. Most often, but not always, the persons have been serving a prison sentence for a sexual misconduct crime. To be committed as a sexually dangerous person or a sexual psychopathic personality, it must be proven that the person has engaged in a course of (multiple incidences of) harmful sexual conduct in the past, and that it is highly likely that without court-ordered treatment, the person will engage in harmful sexual conduct in the future. If committed, the person is committed on an indeterminate basis to a secure, locked facility that specializes in treatment of sex offenders.